Cellulitis Pathophysiology And Cellulitis In Children
Cellulitis pathophysiology was studied for various doctors in order to understand the way this disease affects the skin and its deeper layers. Cellulitis is an inflammation of the skin characterized by local pain, swelling, warmth and erythema. It is caused by the tissue invasion by a bacteria, most commonly staphylococci or streptococci in adults, Haemophilus influenzae B in children (This can be avoided with the appropriate vaccine).
Cellulitis pathophysiology in diabetic patients showed that you should consider besides those listed above also Enterobacteriaceae and rarely clostridia. Lymphadenopathy is seen occasionally in patients previously healthy, but is more common than purely local inflammation. Systemic involvement associated with fever, leukocytosis and bacteremia, is typically seen in cellulitis pathophysiology in patients with underlying immunosuppression disorders.
The efforts of isolating the harmful micro-organisms from the infected tissue had poor results during cellulitis pathophysiology studies. The needle aspiration of the upper edge of an area with cellulitis highlights bacteria in less than 10% of biopsy culture and even the drilling in one area highlights them only in about 20% of cases. Cellulitis pathophysiology researches revealed the fact that only areas of suppuration or abscess have shown significantly different results. Although bacterial invasion is the one that triggers inflammation, micro-organisms are largely removed from that place within 12 hours and infiltrating cells, reticular cells and their products are actually causing most of the symptoms.
Cellulitis in children
Cellulitis is an infection localized in the deep tissue of skin. It can appear at any age, from children to adults and elderly, people with low immunity system, diabetics or recently operated.
If it is not treated, complications may occur, causing serious diseases. It is strongly recommended that you treat fast this problem, especially if the patient is a child. Because of the age, children are exposed to all sorts of animal bites, cuts, bruises, scratches, places where bacteria(staphylococcus, streptococcus) can enter the skin and infect it. Cellulitis in children can appear anywhere on the surface of the skin, but it is especially localized on legs, arms and face.
Before the appearance of the vaccin for H.Influenza B, this illness was one of the most common causes in cellulitis in children. If your child is experiencing any of the following symptoms, you should call your doctor as soon as possible:
Note that if some symptoms appear without the presence of the first one, it may not be cellulitis, but something else.
Cellulitis in children treatment
Once a diagnosis of cellulitis in children is established, treatment is urgent. Firstly, antibiotics will be prescribed for your child. Usually, a normal course includes 10 days of antibiotics, even if the signs and symptoms disappear. If the pain is too hard to stand, the doctor can recommend you acetaminophen. In order to help the healing process, maintain your child's leg or arm elevated above the heart, so that the swelling is reduced and the infection cannot spread further. If cellulitis in children becomes recurrent, more antibiotics will be prescribed, until the blood analysis and the medical exam show no trace of bacteria.
Cellulitis in children prevention
The easiest was to prevent cellulitis from appearing is to maintain an as good as possible hygiene of your child. Be careful if he gets hurt, so that bruises and cuts don't remain to much exposed to environmental bacteria. If your child is recently operated, explain him or her how important is to take care of the cut, not to remove the bandages or scratch it. In this was, cellulitis in children will make less and less victims, although isolating a person for completely from bacteria is impossible.